Erken Çocuklukta STEM Eğitimi

Ahmet Erol, Asiye İvrendi

Öz


Bilim, Teknoloji, Mühendislik ve Matematik disiplinlerinin entegrasyonuna dayanan (Science, Technology, Engeenering, Mathematics – STEM) STEM eğitimi, son zamanlarda erken çocukluk araştırmacıları ve eğitimcilerinin ilgisini çekmektedir. Bu ilginin nedenleri arasında, STEM eğitimi ile ilgili çalışmaların çocukların bilimsel süreç, okula hazır oluş, iletişim, problem çözme ve yaratıcılık gibi becerilerini desteklediği yönündeki bulguları düşünülebilir. STEM eğitiminin sunduğu bakış açısı erken çocukluk eğitimini çeşitli şekillerde etkilemiştir. Erken çocukluk eğitiminin temel özelliği olan öğrenme merkezlerinin yanında STEM öğrenme merkezleri oluşturulmaya ve resimli çocuk kitapları STEM ile ilişkilendirilerek kullanılmaya başlamıştır. STEM eğitiminin amacına ulaşabilmesi için etkili bir şekilde planlanması ve uygulanması gerekmektedir. Çocukların gelişim seviyelerine uygun deneyimleri içermesi ve STEM’i oluşturan disiplinlerin yetişkinlerde olduğu gibi değil çocukların gelişim seviyelerine uygun bir şekilde ele alınması önem taşımaktadır. Ancak, özellikle erken çocukluk döneminde STEM eğitimi konusunda yeterli Türkçe kaynağın olmaması ve STEM uygulamalarının çocuk merkezlilikten uzak olması STEM eğitiminin etkili bir şekilde uygulamasını engelleyebilmektedir. Bu çalışmada, eğitimcilere ve araştırmacılara erken çocukluk döneminde STEM eğitimine yönelik kavramsal bir çerçeve ve etkili uygulamalar geliştirmelerine rehberlik edebilecek öneriler sunulması amaçlanmıştır.


Anahtar Kelimeler


STEM eğitimi; Erken çocuklukta STEM eğitimi; STEM disiplinleri

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.24130/eccd-jecs.1967202151265

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